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From Pennsylvania to Waterloo - A Biographical History of Waterloo Township

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Please use the links in the list below to navigate to the different sections of this help screen.



How to Use this Site

All pages in this site contain a set of common buttons and links that you will find throughout each of the pages, as well as some links that will only appear on certain pages. At the top of each page you will find a graphical header followed by a simple search box and a set of navigation buttons. The next things that you will find on the page are the page title, a second set of navigation links, the page content, another set of navigation links (identical to the second set) and lastly, the page footer. The home page is laid out differently, but still contains the first set of navigation buttons in the middle of the page.

The search box at the top of each page can be used to find a specific group of people with a common surname. To use it, simply type in the surname you are looking for and click on the 'Go' button. If you are unsure of the spelling of the surname or would like to include a first name in the search or other more advanced options, you may want to click on the 'Advanced Person Search' link.

The first set of graphical navigation buttons contain links to 'Browse Names', 'Browse Objects', 'Search Objects', 'About this Site', 'Copyright' and 'Contact Us'. By clicking on each of the different buttons you will be taken to a different section of the web site. The names of the buttons should be fairly self explanatory: 'Browse Names' will take you to a page where you can browse through the people's names contained in this site; 'Browse Objects' will take you to a page where you can browse through the different objects (artifacts, documents, maps, photos, headstones, reference materials, etc.) in this site; 'Search Objects' will take you to a page where you can perform a search of the objects contained in this site; 'About this Site' will take you to a brief writeup of how this site came to pass and who is to thank for it; 'Copyright' leads to the Copyright / Terms and Conditions of Use pertaining to the use and reproduction of any information or images from this site; and 'Contact Us' will give you the contact information for the individuals responsible for the different site aspects.

The second set of navigation links and the last set of navigation links at the bottom of the page will be identical to each other. These links will always contain 'Home', 'Search Names', 'Search Objects' and 'Help'. Again, the links should be very easy to figure out: 'Home' will take you to the introductory / first page of this site; 'Search Names' link will take you to the advanced search page to find a person; 'Search Objects' will take you to the search page to find an object; and 'Help' will bring you to this page. If you are looking at the record for a specific person, these two navigation sets will also contain additional links that will be discussed in the 'Understanding the Person Record Screen and the Available Links' help section.

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Finding a Person

There are several different ways that you can go about finding one of the people contained in the site database. You can do a simple Surname Search using the search box at the top of each page, you can do an Advanced Person Search where you can specify first name, birth year and other criteria, or you can just Browse Names using an alphabetical list organized by surname.

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Surname Search

For your convenience, there is a search box located at the top of each and every page that can be used to find a specific group of people with a common surname. To use it, simply type in the last name of the person you are looking for and click on the 'Go' button. This search box requires exact spelling for the surname that you enter. If you are unsure of the spelling of the surname or would like to include a first name in the search or other more advanced options, you may want to click on the 'Advanced Person Search' link.

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Advanced Person Search

The Advanced Person Search can be reached by either clicking on the 'Advanced Person Search' link found just beside the search box in the header of each page, or by clicking on the 'Search Names' link in the two sets of navigation links just before and after the content of each page. Upon clicking on one of the links, you will be taken to a page containing a form where you can enter the criteria for the person you wish to find.

The form contains 10 fields where you can enter search criteria and a couple of checkboxes for result options. The drop down selection boxes just before each of the text boxes contain different choices on matching methods.

Descriptions of these choices are as follows: 'Contains', choosing this will cause the search to only look for records where the corresponding field 'contains' exactly what you type into the text box for that field, meaning that the search will only show records where it finds a match to what you type, but there can be something else before what you type and something after. For example, typing 'Man' would result in any record where the field contains 'man' which could match 'man', 'hallman', 'mann' or 'hallmann', just as long as the criteria you type in is found somewhere.

'Equals', choosing this will cause the search to only look for records where the corresponding field 'equals' exactly what you type into the text box for that field, meaning that the search will only show records where it finds an exact match to what you type, with nothing before or after what you type. For example, typing 'Man' would result in any record where the field only contains 'man' which would match 'man', but would NOT match 'hallman', 'mann' or 'hallmann'.

'Starts with', choosing this will cause the search to only look for records where the corresponding field 'starts with' exactly what you type into the text box for that field, meaning that the search will only show records where it finds a match to what you type, but there can be something else after what you type (but not before). For example, typing 'Man' would result in any record where the field contains 'man' at the beginning which could match 'man' or 'mann', but NOT 'hallman' or 'hallmann'.

'Ends with', choosing this will cause the search to only look for records where the corresponding field 'ends with' exactly what you type into the text box for that field, meaning that the search will only show records where it finds a match to what you type, but there can be something else before what you type (but not after). For example, typing 'Man' would result in any record where the field contains 'man' at the end which could match 'man' or 'hallman', but NOT 'mann' or 'hallmann'.

'Soundex of' is a very useful option if you are unsure of the spelling of what you need to find. Soundex searches will result in names with similar sounds, based on a coding first used for U.S. census indexes. By choosing this option and entering what you need to find, the search will come up with any records where it finds a similar sounding match to what you type. For example, typing 'Hallman' would result in any record where the field equals 'Hallman', 'Hallmann', 'Halman', 'Hillman', etc.

'Metaphone of' functions similarly to Soundex, but gives somewhat different results. This is because the comparison method that each of the options use is different, but the basic idea behind the two options is the same.

The 'Birth Year and 'Death Year' search field selection boxes contain options different from the others. This is because these two fields are numerical. The choices for these should be fairly self explanatory: 'equals', the year must be exactly as entered; '+/- 2 years from', the year must be within two years of the one entered, for example using this option with the year 1854 would come up with records where the year matches from 1852-1856; '+/- 10 years from', the year must be within ten years of the one entered, for example using this option with the year 1854 would come up with records where the year matches from 1844-1864; 'less than' would come up with records where the year is before the one entered, but would not include the year entered; 'greater than' would come up with records where the year is after the one entered, but would not include the year entered; 'less than or equal to' would come up with records where the year is before the one entered, and WOULD also include the year entered; 'greater than or equal to' would come up with records where the year is after the one entered, and WOULD also include the year entered.

The fields in which you can enter criteria are as follows: 'Last Name', the last name of the person you are looking for, i.e. 'Hallman'; 'First Name', the first name of the person you are looking for, i.e. 'Elizabeth'; 'Nickname', a nickname for the person you are looking for, i.e. a person whose name is 'Elizabeth' may have had a nickname of 'Betty'; 'Title', a formal title a person may have had, i.e. 'Dr.' or 'Rev.'; 'Suffix', a suffix for the person's name, i.e. 'B.A.', 'M.D.' or 'Jr.'; 'Birth Place', the place where the person was born, i.e. 'Pennsylvania'; 'Birth Year', the year in which the person was born, i.e. '1854'; 'Death Place', the place where the person died, i.e. 'Waterloo'; 'Death Year', the year in which the person died, i.e. '1893'; 'Notes', the notes field may contain additional details about the individual you are looking for, i.e. 'a butcher by trade', so you could search for records where notes contains 'butcher' and possibly find a match.

The 'Join with' is used to determine how all of the criteria you have entered will be used together. By choosing 'AND', the search will come up with records that satisfy ALL of the critera. For example, by specifying last name equals 'Hallman' and first name equals 'Elizabeth' and using 'AND', you would find all people named 'Elizabeth Hallman'. By choosing 'OR', the search will come up with records that satisfy ANY of the critera. For example, by specifying last name equals 'Hallman' and first name equals 'Elizabeth' and using 'OR', you would find all people named 'Elizabeth' as well as all people with the last name 'Hallman'.

Wildcards are not supported. Only enter what you are looking for and choose the appropriate matching method from the selection boxes. If you enter multiple words, remember that those words must appear exactly as you typed them (spelling, right beside each other) for the search to find a match. If you are unable to find a match after you have entered multiple words, try removing one of the words (or all but one) and performing the search again.

The two checkboxes will not impact the result of your search, but will slightly change the way the results are displayed. By leaving both of the boxes unchecked, the results will always list the people's names along with when and where they were born/christened. By placing a checkmark in the 'Show death/burial information' checkbox, the results will also list when and where the people died or were buried. By placing a checkmark in the 'Show spouse' checkbox, the results will also list the name of the person's spouse. As the 'Show spouse' checkbox mentions, if an individual has more that one spouse, duplicate results for that person will be displayed (one with each spouse).

Lastly, there are two buttons at the bottom. The first button will begin the search. You should click on this after you have entered all of your criteria and are ready to see the results. The second button will reset the search form to the default values, or in other words, it will erase anything that you have entered in the form. You can click on this box to start the criteria entering process from scratch rather that having to go through and manually erase each of the values you no longer need.

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Browse Names

Another useful way of finding a person is by using the 'Browse Names' button located at the top of every page. Clicking this button will get you to a page where you have a choice of a few options of browsing through alphabetical listings of the people's surnames contained in this site.

The first option is 'Show surnames starting with:', followed by the alphabet. By clicking on any one of these letters, you would come to an alphabetical listing of all of the surnames that begin with that letter. For example, choosing 'H' would give you a list of all of the surnames beginning in 'H', such as 'Hagey', 'Hallman' and 'Heins'. Just after each name listing on this next page there is a number which represents the amount of people who have that last name. For example, 'Shantz' followed by '(1219)' would mean that 1219 people have the last name 'Shantz'. From this listing of surnames, you would then choose the surname you are looking for, which would give you an alphabetical listing of all people who have that last name.

The next option is 'Show top [100] ordered by occurrence', where you can change the number (in this case, 100) to any number you want. By entering a number, such as 100, and clicking on the 'Go' button, you would be taken to a screen that contains the 100 surnames that are most common to this website. For example, if 'Shantz', 'Eby' and 'Baumann' were at the top of the list, you would know that most of the people in this site have those last names. The amount of people who posess that last name will be shown after each name. Clicking on any of these surnames would then give you an alphabetical listing of all people who have that last name.

You can also choose 'Show all surnames' which would give you a complete list of each and every surname in this site. The names are organized alphabetically in groups by letter and also show how many people have that last name. Clicking on any of these surnames would then give you an alphabetical listing of all people who have that last name.

The first page of the 'Browse Names' section also conveniently lists the top 25 surnames (which is exactly what you would get if you entered '25' in the 'Show top [#] by occurence' section) as well as the most common first letters for surnames. Clicking on any of the top 25 names will take you to the people matches for the name you click on, and clicking on one of the most popular letters would take you to a listing of all surnames beginning with that letter.

By using the search and browse sections, you should easily be able to find whatever name you may be looking for, provided that the name is included in this site.

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Understanding the Person Record Screen and the Available Links

Once you have found the person you are looking for and click on their name, you will be taken to a screen detailing that person. From here, you will be able to find all of the available information for that person. You will also be able to easily navigate to the records for their spouses, children, parents, and other ancestors and descendants.

You will notice that once you come to a person record screen, there will be some additional links available in the navigation link sections just before and just after the body of the page. These new links include 'Individual', 'Pedigree', 'Descendancy', 'Relationship' and 'Timeline'. The first page you will arrive at will be 'Individual'.

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Individual

The 'Individual' page lists all of the details known about the individual. This information includes the person's complete name along with titles and nicknames, parents, spouses, children, birth information, death information, burial information, additional notes on the person such as occupation, source information, and associations to objects such as photos, documents and artifacts.

There are also two ID numbers located towards the top of the page. The first one, 'Eby ID', represents the identification number given to an individual by Ezra Eby in his original publication. The first portion of the 'Eby ID' (before the dash) represents a family identification number that was created and used by our genealogical inputter, Darryl Bonk. The second part of the 'Eby ID' (after the dash) is the corresponding number for that individual in the Eby book. By looking at this second portion of the number, you would be able to find the listing for that individual in the original volumes by looking up that number. Some records may also have a decimal number recorded after the second portion of the 'Eby ID'. This decimal number indicates that the person is only mentioned as a secondary reference from the original Eby entry. The second ID number, 'Person ID', is a system generated ID number beginning with the letter i (as in igloo) and is used by this site to retrieve records.

Clicking on any of the people mentioned in an individual's record such as parents, spouses or children will take you to the individual record for the person that you click on.

Clicking on a 'Group Sheet' link will take you to a page listing the members of the immediate family (spouses and their children) containing birth, death and marriage information for each of the family members.

Clicking on any of the related objects will take you to the object record screen where you will be able to find out detailed information, association with other individuals, as well as view larger and possibly additional images.

There is also a section labelled 'Sources', which lists the source of the life information for the individual. For this project, the 'sources' will refer to the original Eby publication, and will reference which volume and page the information was taken from. Clicking on the links in the 'sources' section will take you to a listing of other people associated with this source, but since all individuals in this site came from the Eby book, it would match nearly everyone, so I would recommend not clicking on those links.

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Pedigree

The pedigree screen will show you a family tree for the individual. It is a representation of the ancestry of that person going back 4 generations by default. By placing your mouse over the down arrow image, a box will pop up containing additional information for the corresponding individual regarding birth, death, marriage, spouses and children. Clicking on the chart image for an individual will take you to a pedigree chart for that person.

Just above the pedigree chart, there is a section where you can change the display options for the pedigree. The first option is to change the number of generations that will be displayed in the pedigree (from 1 to 8). The second option is a set of four radio buttons that will allow you to change the way that the pedigree chart is displayed. After selecting your number of generations and the chart type, click the 'Go' button to generate a pedigree reflecting those choices.

'Compact', the default choice, will display only the name of the individuals in the chart boxes, but will display birth, marriage and death information as well as spouses and children in a popup box. 'Standard' will display the name of the individuals along with their birth, marriage and death information in the chart boxes, but will not display spouses and children. 'Text Only' is similar to 'Standard', but will display the chart without the surrounding boxes or any additional images. Again, spouses and children will not be displayed in this mode. 'Ahnentafel' will display the most detailed pedigree information in a text only book format. It will display detailed birth and death information for each of the people mentioned in the pedigree, as well as for their children. This format is very useful if you want to copy and paste the information into your word processor for further editing and printing.

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Descendancy

Descendancy is basically the opposite of the pedigree section, showing the descendants of an individual down to a maximum of eight generations. Detailed information for each of the descendants is displayed (birth, death, marriage, spouses, children) and grouped by generation. The default 'Register Format' is very useful if you want to copy and paste the information into your word processor for further editing and printing.

Just above the descendancy information, there is a section where you can change the display type. If you would like to view the information in 'Standard Format', just select that option and click to 'Go' button.

The 'Standard Format' is a more concise, less detailed listing of descendancy in a tree format. From this standard mode, you can also click on the chart image to view a graphical descendancy chart (similar to a pedigree chart) up to that point.

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Relationship

The 'Relationship' section is used to calculate the relationship between two individuals, if any. For example, if you wanted to see if 'Jacob Schneider' and 'Absalom Schneider' were related, you would choose 'Jacob Schneider as 'Person 1' and 'Absalom Schneider' as 'Person 2' and click the calculate button. The site would then calculate their relationship (within 15 generations) and display it in a graphical descendancy type chart.

'Person 1' will by default be the person whose information you are currently looking at. You will need to enter a value for 'Person 2' before you can calculate the relationship. The value that goes into this field is the system generated 'Person ID', so make sure that you don't just type in a person's name and expect there to be any results. You need to click on the 'Find...' button, enter all or part of the person's first and last names, click on 'Search Names', and choose the appropriate person from the list of results*. This will place the appropriate 'Person ID' into the text box. * Please note that only the first 100 matches will be returned in the list of results, so you need to be as specific as possible when entering first and last names.

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Timeline

The 'Timeline' section allows you to visually compare the lifespans of individuals. The generated timeline chart will use an individual's birth and death years to represent their lifeline. Individuals without a year of birth cannot be used, and if no death year is entered, the timeline shows a lifeline of 100 years.

The person whose information you are currently looking at will automatically be entered into the chart, and you can add more individuals, four at a time. To add more individuals, you will need to enter values in the 'Add Person' boxes and click on 'Refresh'. The value that goes into these fields is the system generated 'Person ID', so make sure that you don't just type in a person's name and expect them to be added to the chart. You need to click on the 'Find...' buttons, enter all or part of the person's first and last names, click on 'Search Names', and choose the appropriate person from the list of results*. This will place the appropriate 'Person ID' into the text box. * Please note that only the first 100 matches will be returned in the list of results, so you need to be as specific as possible when entering first and last names.

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Finding an Object

There are a couple of ways that you can go about finding the objects (documents, photos, headstones, artifacts, etc.) contained in this site. You can either find one of the people contained in the site database and see if they have any objects associated with them listed in their 'Individual' page, you can do a search of the objects where you can specify an object name, associated surname and other criteria, or you can just browse the objects using an alphabetical list organized by category.

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Object Search

The Object Search can be reached by either clicking on the 'Object Search' button found in the header of each page, or by clicking on the 'Search Objects' link in the two sets of navigation links just before and after the content of each page. Upon clicking on one of the links, you will be taken to a page containing a form where you can enter the criteria for the object that you wish to find.

The first item on the form is a selection box where you can limit the category that the object must be a part of. The categories are as follows: 'Artifacts', physical objects such as chairs, lamps and clothing; 'Cemeteries and Headstones', headstones from cemeteries for deceased individuals; 'Documents', historical textual materials such as deeds and wills; 'Maps', geographical maps pertaining to the people in this site; 'Photos', portraits and other historic photographs; 'Reference Materials', modern textual information and books relating to the people contained in this site. The default option is to return results in 'All Categories', but if you were only interested in photographs, you could choose 'Photos' from the selection box so that only photos would appear in the results.

The form also contains 8 fields where you can enter search criteria. The drop down selection boxes just before each of the text boxes contain different choices on matching methods.

Descriptions of these choices are as follows: 'Contains', choosing this will cause the search to only look for records where the corresponding field 'contains' exactly what you type into the text box for that field, meaning that the search will only show records where it finds a match to what you type, but there can be something else before what you type and something after. For example, typing 'book' would result in any record where the field contains 'book' which could match 'book', 'account book', 'books' or 'account books', just as long as the criteria you type in is found somewhere.

'Equals', choosing this will cause the search to only look for records where the corresponding field 'equals' exactly what you type into the text box for that field, meaning that the search will only show records where it finds an exact match to what you type, with nothing before or after what you type. For example, typing 'book' would result in any record where the field only contains 'book' which would match 'book', but would NOT match 'account book', 'books' or 'account books'.

'Starts with', choosing this will cause the search to only look for records where the corresponding field 'starts with' exactly what you type into the text box for that field, meaning that the search will only show records where it finds a match to what you type, but there can be something else after what you type (but not before). For example, typing 'book' would result in any record where the field contains 'book' at the beginning which could match 'book' or 'books', but NOT 'account book' or 'account books'.

'Ends with', choosing this will cause the search to only look for records where the corresponding field 'ends with' exactly what you type into the text box for that field, meaning that the search will only show records where it finds a match to what you type, but there can be something else before what you type (but not after). For example, typing 'book' would result in any record where the field contains 'book' at the end which could match 'book' or 'account book', but NOT 'books' or 'account books'.

'Soundex of' is a very useful option if you are unsure of the spelling of what you need to find. Soundex searches will result in names with similar sounds, based on a coding first used for U.S. census indexes. By choosing this option and entering what you need to find, the search will come up with any records where it finds a similar sounding match to what you type. For example, typing 'Hallman' would result in any record where the field equals 'Hallman', 'Hallmann', 'Halman', 'Hillman', etc. This option is only available with the 'Owner's Last Name' field.

'Metaphone of' functions similarly to Soundex, but gives somewhat different results. This is because the comparison method that each of the options use is different, but the basic idea behind the two options is the same. This option is only available with the 'Owner's Last Name' field.

The fields in which you can enter criteria are as follows: 'Item Name', the name of the object you are looking for, i.e. 'map' or 'book'; 'Owner's Last Name', the last name of the person that you want the object to be associated with, i.e. 'Hallman' or 'Schneider'; 'Description', the description of the object which could possibly contain additional names or places, so you could search for description contains 'Eby' and possibly come up with a match; 'Maker/Attribution', the maker of the object or who is attributed to have made it, i.e. 'Hallman' or 'Schneider'; 'Provenance', a record of ownership, origin or use of the object which could possibly contain additional names or places, so you could search for provenance contains 'waterloo' and possibly come up with a match; 'Collection', the collection or institution from which the object originated, i.e. 'Doon Heritage Crossroads'; 'Accession No.', an identification number for the object as assigned by the originating collection, i.e. '2000.819.002'; 'Cemetery Name', this field is for headstone records, the cemetery in which the headstone is found, i.e. 'First Mennonite'.

The 'Join with' is used to determine how all of the criteria you have entered will be used together. By choosing 'AND', the search will come up with records that satisfy ALL of the critera. For example, by specifying item name equals 'Book' and owner's last name equals 'Hallman' and using 'AND', you would find all items named 'Book' that are associated with a 'Hallman'. By choosing 'OR', the search will come up with records that satisfy ANY of the critera. For example, by specifying item name equals 'Book' and owner's last name equals 'Hallman' and using 'OR', you would find all items named 'book' as well as all items associated with last name 'Hallman'.

Wildcards are not supported. Only enter what you are looking for and choose the appropriate matching method from the selection boxes. If you enter multiple words, remember that those words must appear exactly as you typed them (spelling, right beside each other) for the search to find a match. If you are unable to find a match after you have entered multiple words, try removing one of the words (or all but one) and performing the search again.

Lastly, there are two buttons at the bottom. The first button will begin the search. You should click on this after you have entered all of your criteria and are ready to see the results. The second button will reset the search form to the default values, or in other words, it will erase anything that you have entered in the form. You can click on this box to start the criteria entering process from scratch rather that having to go through and manually erase each of the values you no longer need.

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Browse Objects

Another useful way of finding an object person is by using the 'Browse Objects' button located at the top of every page. Clicking this will get you to a page where you can choose from the available object categories and browse through an alphabetical listings of the objects contained in this site.

The first thing you need to do is choose a category for which you would like to see the objects. The categories are as follows: 'Artifacts', physical objects such as chairs, lamps and clothing; 'Cemeteries and Headstones', headstones from cemeteries for deceased individuals; 'Documents', historical textual materials such as deeds and wills; 'Maps', geographical maps pertaining to the people in this site; 'Photos', portraits and other historic photographs; 'Reference Materials', modern textual information and books relating to the people contained in this site.

After you have selected a category, you will be taken to an alphabetical listing of all objects found in that category. Items will be listed with the item name, a short description of the item, a thumbnail image (if available), and a listing of individuals that the item is associated with. Clicking on the associated individual's names will take you to the 'Individual' page for that person. Clicking on the object name will take you to the object record screen where you will be able to find more detailed information, as well as view larger and possibly additional images.

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Understanding the Object Record Screen and the Available Links

This screen lists detailed information about objects as well as links to larger and possibly additional images. You can get to this page either by selecting an object from the 'Browse Objects', 'Search Objects', or 'Individual' pages.

If you come to this page from a person's 'Individual' page, the links in the navigation sections just above and below the page content will be the same as in the 'Person Record Screens'. Please refer that section of the help page for details. Otherwise, those navigation links will be the standard ones described in the How to Use this Site section of the help page.

The content of this page should be fairly self explanatory: 'Item Name', the name of the item; 'Owner(s)' or 'Other Owner(s)', the people or other people associated with this object; 'Category', the category under which this object is classified; 'Year', the approximate year that the object was photographed, created, published or written; 'Description', the description of the object; 'Maker/Attribution', the maker of the object or who is attributed to have made it; 'Provenance', a record of ownership, origin or use of the object; Collection, the collection or institution from which the object originated; 'Accession No.', an identification number for the object as assigned by the originating collection; 'References', bibliographical references used in researching information for the object; 'Cemetery', the cemetery in which the object is located (used for headstones); 'Cemetery Location', the location of the cemetery in which the object is located (used for headstones); 'Curatorial Comment', additional comments from curatorial staff. Fields will only be visible if they contain information.

At the top right of the body of this page, a thumbnail image of the object will appear in addition to links to enlarged and possibly additional images where available. Simply click on the links if they are present to see what images are present.

There may also be links to additional objects ('See also') that are related to the current object that you are viewing. If any such links are available, just click on them to be taken to the object record screen for that item.

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If you have read through this help page and are still experiencing difficulties, please do not hesitate to contact us.

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